In Chapter 2, the authors discuss what happens on an assessment and why. Now that the assessments have been created and administered, it’s time to delve into the data to see progress of students and make an action plan for re-teaching or enrichment. To begin, a simple and useful data template is needed before diving into the data. Items to include are names, question numbers and types (open-ended, multiple choice, etc), standard addressed and the percentage of correct and incorrect responses of individual students and the class as a whole. If each teacher has this report ready, they can compare what questions were answered incorrectly, thus understanding what standard or skill must be retaught. When teachers learn what standard must be reviewed, students can be grouped into skill levels for direct instruction. Students that have generally answered all the questions correctly can be placed into enrichment or extension groups. If teacher had most students answer one question correctly, while the other teachers had most students answer it incorrectly, they can collaborate with that one teacher to see how he or she taught the skill. That strategy can be used by others to see if it makes a difference to help the students master that specific standard.
During the data meetings, there should be communication between the building leader and teachers involved with the assessment. Results from interim assessments are discussed and analyzed. Meetings do not always have to be lead by an administrator, but can be conducted by instructional coaches or teacher-leaders. Recommendations to conduct a successful data meeting included:
- All members of the meeting must come prepared with appropriate data and materials
- Celebrate successes or highlight positive changes
- Continually go back to specific questions on the test and ask why a student got a question wrong
- Create an action plan to help students learn the material that must be retaught and make sure teachers are held accountable for this action plan